When you’re trying to be unique and original during writing your academic paper, you need to learn how to cite the original sources. Everything has already been told by somebody too long before but in other words. Although, if you don’t want to be blamed on plagiarism, please, be patient to learn how to succeed in a citation.
There are a lot of various methods of making citations. One of them is the Council of Science Editors or CSE in short. It is a standard citation style used across many disciplines in physical and life sciences. This method offers three systems of citation:
Citation-Sequence and Citation-Name
The systems are almost the same except for the order of links. The serial numbers in both of them belong to the end references.
Talking about citation–sequence, the end recites are represented in order they appear in the text. Each chief constituent in this system is given a number when it appears in the text, e.g,1. For instance, if a piece of writing written by Chomsky is the first one mentioned in the text, it goes without saying that the appeal to Chomsky’s paper will be number one. The same number is used when the text appears in a document.
At the end of your paper, a list of links provides full publication information for each enumerated source. Notes in the reference list are enumerated in the order in which they are mentioned in your document.
On the other hand, references in the citation–name method, are represented alphabetically by the authors’ names. If there are a lot of works of the same writer, they are listed by a title. The citations are enumerated in that sequence, such that a work authored by Adam is enumerated by 1, Brown is number 2, etc. Numbers assigned to the end references are used for the in-text recites regardless of the sequence in which they appear in the text of the work. For example, if a work by Zielinski is number 56 in links list, each in-text reference to Zielinski will be number 56 also.
This way of citation is well-known by the name of Harvard system, but it’s also very similar to APA style. Quotations consist of a surname of the writer or writers and a year of paper’s publication. The reference list is unnumbered. Citations are placed alphabetically. The variety of the same author’s works written down in chronological order. The year of publication just as the author’s initials are placed in brackets in the text, e.g.:(Chomsky 2011).
These abbreviated links are called in-text references. They refer to a list of links at the end of your document. Situated at the very end, a reference list is a valuable for your reader tool, that allows to track all the used sources. In-text references in your sentences show your reader which basis supports claims and information of that abstract. These end references have basically the same format in all three systems, except for the placement of the date of publication in the name–year system.
Although Scientific Style and Format now uses citation–sequence for its own recites, each system is widely used in scientific publishing. Consult your publisher to determine which system you will need to follow.
How to use
You are required to cite your resources in two places within your paper: in-text and bibliography
First part explains a way of citing a summary of an author’s words, that you have rephrased and used within your paper.
Second part shows how to establish an alphabetical order of your citation list at the bottom of your paper. It includes every source used in the academic work.
Where to cite
Why do students use citations? Because they need authentic sources to support their innovations. Something which can be a solid background for a fresh thought. Their aim is to describe topics with which following sources are immediately associated. If you place the author’s name just next to the citation, you won’t need to repeat that name.